Pleural is the lining of the lungs, and mesothelioma is a cancer that forms within another lining called mesothelium. Pleural mesothelioma is a cancer that grows around the lungs and the chest. It is a rare kind of cancer.
Although the doctors and scientists have not concluded why this cancer forms, there is a general description. Cancer is formed when the DNA in our cells is damaged. This DNA is found in our genes. These genes guide our body on how and when to grow. And sometimes, this growth of cells can get out of control. This unnatural growth then can lead to cancer.
Experts say that Pleural Mesothelioma is majorly caused by the inhalation/ exposure of asbestos. Asbestos is mostly used by construction workers, miners, and builders. The exposure causes pleural mesothelioma, but scientists are still researching why it becomes malignant.
Pleural Malignant Mesothelioma
The thin membrane/ tissue that covers the lungs and chest walls is called Pleural. Malignant Mesothelioma forms within this thin membrane. It causes the fluids to build up in the lungs. Major symptoms are shortness of breath, trouble in swallowing, chest pain, and a cough. The bad news is that this cancer is not curable, but the good news is that long-term cancer remission has successfully been achieved; some patients have achieved more than ten years of remission.
Treatment For Pleural Mesothelioma
Even though this is not curable cancer, doctors and experts have come up with long-term remission treatments. These include:
- CHEMOTHERAPY is used to treat most cancer. For Pleural Mesothelioma, chemotherapy is given using multiple medicines to shrink or slow cancer growth.
- IMMUNOTHERAPY is a new method in which doctors induce white blood cells and organs and tissues of the lymph system. This helps your body to fight diseases and infections. Nowadays, immunotherapies are also being used to treat patients with cancer.
- PLEURECTOMY means the removal of the pleural. It is a surgery that the doctors can remove from a part of the Pleural to an entire infected lung.
- THORACENTESIS is not a cure; it is used to ease the symptoms. It includes inserting a needle through the chest wall into the pleural to remove the excess liquids/ fluids from the lungs.
Long-term asbestos exposure (as in being in a workplace where asbestos is found in abundance) has been concluded to be a major cause of this problem. This can appear even 20 years after the exposure. Initially, the symptoms are not severe and are easily ignored. Hence, if you have been exposed, it is good to acquaint yourself with the implications to avoid complications. The other thing that matters is the pleural mesothelioma stages. The curing procedure is followed according to the need.
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