Mesothelioma is a rare type of cancer caused by a tumor on the mesothelial lining within our body. Because of the rarity(I would say), there are not many mesothelioma treatment options. When there is an inflammation or scarring anywhere in our body, it causes the cells to repair themselves. Sometimes, the scarring can get so severe that it reaches the DNA matter, specifically the cells’ genes. This causes a genetic disorder due to which the cells start growing controllable faster. These fast-growing cells are called cancer. The tumors formed anywhere in our body can lead to cancer.
Causes and Symptoms of Mesothelioma
Mesothelioma is a tumor that forms on the mesothelial lining. The primary cause has been determined to be asbestos. Asbestos is a mineral that naturally provides insulation. Because of its unique quality, it is often used in construction and many other purposes.Because working closely with asbestos, sometimes the dust is inhaled or swallowed. These tiny particles can settle into the stomach’s lining called mesothelial lining and cause inflammation, scarring, or a tumor. This leads to Mesothelioma cancer. The early symptoms can be shortness of breath, chest pains, stomach pain, swelling in the stomach, and nausea.
Mesothelioma Treatment Options
Unfortunately, Mesothelioma cancer is incurable. The research is ongoing, and some treatments and drugs have been approved by the doctors from the cancer association for the treatment. However, these drugs and treatments do not cure cancer altogether but can improve the quality of life and extend the prognosis. Life expectancy for Mesothelioma cancer patients can be from 12 months to 10 years, depending upon the spread of cancer.
This surgery cannot get you rid of the mesothelioma completely but is often used to remove the affected mesothelial lining and ease the patient’s symptoms. Not all patients are eligible for this surgery, but a study shows that the survival rate for those who go through it is greater.
Chemotherapy is used to kill the cancer cells for all cancers. It is a drug treatment that, unlike radiation, doesn’t target a specific area, but instead targets the whole body and kills the rapidly growing and dividing cells in the body. It is given using powerful drugs. Chemotherapy has various uses. It doesn’t necessarily kill the cancer cells but is used to slow the spread of the tumor or simply ease the symptoms caused by it. It comes with many side effects, but it slows the spread of cancer.
Mesothelioma is rare cancer that unfortunately has no cure and relatively a lower life prognosis. However,with the correct treatment and therapies, the prognosis can be extended to some extent. The correct therapy can help you live a better life. Your oncologist can help you find a treatment best suited for you. You cannot get rid of it completely, but your life can be made better with the help of the correct treatment.